Severe and prolonged iron deficiency leads to difficulty in swallowing, especially solids, in extreme cases also liquids - owing to thin membranous web in the lower part of the throat.Treatment of Anaemia
Many stomach arid intestinal infections can cause stomach aches, sometimes with vomiting, sometimes with diarrhea, sometimes with both. Fever may or may not occur. Dehydration (excessive loss of water) is a common phenomenon during this period. Severe dehydration due to diarrhoea may even be fatal especially in children up to 3 years.Common Symptoms of diarrhoea are:
Take a spoonful of sugar arid half a spoon of salt mix it thoroughly in a glass of water. Serve the mixture to the ailing person repeatedly. This is commonly known as ORT.
TB is an infectious disease but is curableSymptoms of TB
|• Have sputum examinations done if you have cough of three weeks or more
||• Don’t avoid medical care if you have cough of three weeks or more
|• Take all the medicines for the full prescribed period on regular basis||· Don’t rely only on X-ray for diagnosis of TB|
|• Understand that TB can be cured||• Don’t stop medicines before your physician discontinues them|
|• Use handkerchief when coughing or sneezing||• Don't discriminate against TB patients|
|• Spit in spittoons containing household germicides||• Don’t spit indiscriminately|
Malaria is caused by the biting of malaria-infected mosquitoes. Malaria is a potentially life threatening parasitic disease transmitted by mosquitoes. The affected person suffers from bouts of fever accompanied with shivering and cold sweats. The Malaria symptoms appear about 9 to 14 days after infectious mosquito bite.
Malaria in pregnancy poses a substantial risk to the mother, the foetus and the newborn infant, as pregnant women are less capable of coping with and clearing malaria infections.
|• Malaria can be prevented by avoiding contact with mosquitoes.||• Remove discarded containers that might collect water. Emptying water from water coolers once a week Cover cisterns (water tanks) overhead tanks with lids or mosquito nets|
|• Use mosquito nets.||• Introducing larvivorous fish that eat mosquito larvae also controls malaria|
|• Eliminating mosquito breeding sites spraying households with insecticide to repel or kill mosquitoes.||· Drug Policy recommends the weekly administration of chloroquine to pregnant women from the fourth month onwards.|
|• The common breeding places of anopheles mosquitoes which transmit malaria in rural areas are clean water collections. Slow moving streams, wells, swamps, seepages, riverbeds, ponds, canal irrigation channels, near the quarries, mining operations, near developmental projects etc and in urban areas, are water containers, overhead tanks, barrels, rejected tyres, tins and utensils etc. Keeping such containers empty would reduce the mosquitoes in the area and thus reduce malaria.||• You should immediately get Blood test done for Malaria, if symptoms are seen.|
|• Blood test for Malaria is done free of cost at all Government Hospitals and PHCs. Take treatment as advised by Doctor|
It is a decrease in bone mass per unit volume that can occur as you get older. It is considered to be the major cause of bone fractures in older people especially post-menopausal women.How does it occur?
You may have no clear symptoms until a bone breaks except some physical changes. These physical changes, generally associated with aging, are in fact due to osteoporosis. They include:
Usually after a minor stress or injury. Painful and spontaneous fractures occur in people with osteoporosis. The hip, arm, and wrist are common places for fractures.How can it be prevented?
Blindness is the inability of a person to count fingers from a distance of 6 meters or 20 feet. Common causes of blindness are:
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are diseases that can be transmitted through body contact during sex. This is an infection, which can be caught by having sexual contact with someone who is infected STDs can be easily passed onto sexual partners, and from a mother to her unborn ChildWho can I talk to?
Source: National Commission for Women
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